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The Autocratic Middle ClassHow State Dependency Reduces the Demand for Democracy$
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Bryn Rosenfeld

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691192185

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691192185.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 24 May 2022

The Autocratic Middle Class

The Autocratic Middle Class

(p.1) 1 The Autocratic Middle Class
(p.iii) The Autocratic Middle Class

Bryn Rosenfeld

Princeton University Press

This chapter seeks to expand the grasp of authoritarian resilience and bottom-up pressures for democratization in states where economic growth is increasing the size of the middle-class. It explains why and under what conditions growth of the middle-class may not increase popular pressure on regimes to democratize. It also looks at a wide array of survey data on the political preferences and behaviors of the middle-classes in the post-communist countries. The chapter emphasizes that a variety of development strategies can drive an expansion of the middle-class, which differ in their effect on the formation of democratic constituencies. It examines multiple pathways to expansion of the middle-class that lead to greater support for democracy.

Keywords:   authoritarian resilience, middle-class growth, post-communist, democratic constituencies, democracy, democratization

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