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The Autocratic Middle ClassHow State Dependency Reduces the Demand for Democracy$
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Bryn Rosenfeld

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691192185

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691192185.001.0001

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The Post-Communist Middle Classes, the State, and Democratization

The Post-Communist Middle Classes, the State, and Democratization

(p.66) 3 The Post-Communist Middle Classes, the State, and Democratization
The Autocratic Middle Class

Bryn Rosenfeld

Princeton University Press

This chapter constructs individual-level measures of class, career trajectories, and democracy support, using a large cross-national survey dataset. It provides detailed evidence on individual employment histories from twenty-seven post-communist countries selected for their common history of state employment and communism. It also shows that state-sector careers weaken support for democratic institutions under autocracy, especially among the middle-class. The chapter covers multiple regime types, which reveal that the state under authoritarianism has a distinctive impact on the middle-classes' political orientations. It demonstrates that state employment has meaningful, independent effects on regime preferences by exploiting natural variation across state-sector professions and individuals that move into and out of the public-sector.

Keywords:   democracy support, individual employment, state employment, communism, authoritarianism, middle-class

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