Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Divided ArmiesInequality and Battlefield Performance in Modern War$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jason Lyall

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691192444

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691192444.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 28 June 2022

The Rise and Fall of the Mahdi State

The Rise and Fall of the Mahdi State

A Natural Experiment

(p.90) 3 The Rise and Fall of the Mahdi State
Divided Armies

Jason Lyall

Princeton University Press

This chapter provides a theory-building study of the rise and subsequent fall of the Mahdiya during the First (1881–1885) and Second (1896–1899) Mahdi wars against Anglo-Egyptian forces. It also illustrates the effects of a sudden and unexpected shift from low to extreme military inequality while also building out the matched template used to structure paired comparisons in subsequent chapters. The Mahdi constructed an egalitarian and inclusive notion of the collective Mahdist community that translated into low military inequality. The Khalifa, by contrast, radically reshaped the Mahdiya's social contract, choosing to rule atop an exclusionary ethnocracy that favored his own Baggara tribe and, even more narrowly, his own Ta'isha clan. Military inequality was correspondingly extremely high; many tribes and ethnic groups were subjected to coercion, forced displacement, deliberate starvation, and near-genocidal levels of violence that severed the connection between the regime and its soldiers.

Keywords:   Mahdiya, Mahdi wars, First Mahdi War, Second Mahdi War, military inequality, Mahdist community, ethnocracy

Princeton Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.