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Citizenship 2.0Dual Nationality as a Global Asset$
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Yossi Harpaz

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691194066

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691194066.001.0001

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The Rise of the Sovereign Individual

(p.126) Conclusion
Citizenship 2.0

Yossi Harpaz

Princeton University Press

This concluding chapter discusses the theoretical implications of the book's findings. The proliferation of compensatory citizenship contributes to the commodification of nationality through multiple pathways: the emergence of citizenship industries, the exchange of citizenship for cash, and the instrumentalization of national belonging. Respondents exhibit an attitude which can be called “the sovereign individual”; they understand citizenship status as a domain for individual free choice and maximization of utility, free from traditional collective dictates. In other words, citizenship is changing from an ascribed to an achieved status. Ultimately, the legal acceptance of multiple nationality has made Western citizenship into a valuable practical resource for elites in other parts of the world, allowing them to convert local advantages into a new kind of capital that elevates their position within the global system of stratification.

Keywords:   compensatory citizenship, nationality, citizenship industries, citizenship, national belonging, sovereign individual, citizenship status, multiple nationality, Western citizenship

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