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By Executive OrderBureaucratic Management and the Limits of Presidential Power$
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Andrew Rudalevige

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780691194363

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691194363.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 29 June 2022

“Dear John”

“Dear John”

The Orders That Never Were

(p.166) 7 “Dear John”
By Executive Order

Andrew Rudalevige

Princeton University Press

This chapter presents a new data set of more than two hundred executive orders never signed by the president. However that is interpreted — as good management or as gridlock — something that could have been done “with the stroke of a pen” was not. Here, too, quantitative and archival analysis pair to help us understand why. The results highlight the fact that unilateral action has costs, which at some point outweigh the benefits. Those costs may be rung up in Congress, or the courts, or by public opinion. But as the exploration here shows, they may also be imposed by the executive branch.

Keywords:   unsigned executive orders, unilateral action, executive branch

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