This chapter summarizes the main findings and discusses how the theory developed on creating a constitution can be productively applied to reflect on the constitution-making processes today. It extracts some preliminary lessons from the Athenian constitution-making with the case of Myanmar. The victory of Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy in the 2015 election marked an important step toward peace and democratization in Myanmar. Yet, both the transition and the pacification of the country hang in the balance. The Rohingya crisis is one of many obstacles on Myanmar's road to peace and stability. The chapter also argues that another one Myanmar's obstacles is the 2008 constitution, because of the power that it bestows on Myanmar's armed forces, and because of the absence of a meaningful engagement with ethnic demands. Constitutional reforms are high on Aung San Suu Kyi's agenda—but direct action has proved ineffective. Negotiations have since then taken the form of a political dialogue.
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