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The Science of Roman HistoryBiology, Climate, and the Future of the Past$
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Walter Scheidel

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691195988

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691195988.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Human Growth and Stature

Human Growth and Stature

(p.174) Chapter Five Human Growth and Stature
The Science of Roman History

Rebecca Gowland

Lauren Walther

Princeton University Press

This chapter reviews the study of stature in the archaeological record with a focus on the Roman period. A critical review of current methods of estimating stature, including an evaluation of the differing techniques and their application to the Roman period follows. This chapter does not advocate the comparison of long bone lengths alone for the study of stature in the Roman world. It argues that such an approach overlooks the biocultural significance of overall body proportions (including trunk height); instead more effort should be made to establish population-specific regression formulae. Finally, the chapter argues that because adult stature and final body proportions are strongly influenced by environmental conditions during childhood, a more nuanced consideration of growth and adversity during infancy and childhood is required.

Keywords:   human growth, stature, body proportions, Roman period, adult stature, childhood, infancy, adulthood

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