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Against Political EqualityThe Confucian Case$
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Tongdong Bai

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691195995

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691195995.001.0001

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A Confucian Hybrid Regime as an Answer to Democratic Problems

A Confucian Hybrid Regime as an Answer to Democratic Problems

(p.52) 3 A Confucian Hybrid Regime as an Answer to Democratic Problems
Against Political Equality

Tongdong Bai

Princeton University Press

This chapter shows that there are some fundamental problems with contemporary democracy, especially the ideology beneath the one person, one vote system and the inevitable consequences of it. It identifies four problems of democracy: the suspicion of the elite, the neglect of the interests of nonvoters, the neglect of the interests of the minority, and the irrationality of voters. Then the chapter shows how the “internal” solutions are inadequate. Next, this chapter constructs a Confucian hybrid regime that is based on Mencius’s ideas discussed in Chapter 2, and shows how it can address the problems with democracy more adequately than present liberal democratic regimes. That is, the chapter reveals that the Mencian reservation of one person, one vote is actually a good thing about Confucianism.

Keywords:   Mencius, contemporary democracy, Confucian hybrid regime, democratic problems, elite, nonvoters, minority, voter irrationality, liberal democratic regimes, authoritarianism

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