Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
California Greenin'How the Golden State Became an Environmental Leader$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

David Vogel

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691196176

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691196176.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Gold Mining

Gold Mining

Wealth Creation And Environmental Devastation

Chapter:
(p.22) 2 Gold Mining
Source:
California Greenin'
Author(s):

David Vogel

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691196176.003.0002

This chapter, which begins by exploring California's early history, demonstrates the critical role played by both geography and public policy in shaping the state's early economic development, the environmental impacts of that development, and the state's efforts to address those impacts. The discovery of gold in the Sierra foothills in 1848 literally created the state of California. However, the geography of those foothills and the valley into which their rivers flowed also made gold mining one of the most environmentally destructive natural resource activities in nineteenth-century America. It sharply divided the business interests of northern California, leading to a prolonged and bitter battle between mining companies and farmers in the Sacramento Valley. This conflict was finally resolved by a federal court decision in 1884 that banned hydraulic mining—the first important environmental ruling issued by a federal court. This decision was issued in San Francisco by a California judge, illustrating the important role played by the state in the history of pollution control in the United States.

Keywords:   California, public policy, economic development, gold mining, mining companies, farmers, federal court decision, hydraulic mining, environmental ruling, pollution control

Princeton Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.