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ReputationWhat It Is and Why It Matters$
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Gloria Origgi

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691196329

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691196329.001.0001

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The Paradox of the “Top Specialist” and the Heuristics of Reputation

The Paradox of the “Top Specialist” and the Heuristics of Reputation

Chapter:
(p.113) 5 The Paradox of the “Top Specialist” and the Heuristics of Reputation
Source:
Reputation
Author(s):

Gloria Origgi

, Stephen Holmes, Noga Arikha
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691196329.003.0005

This chapter contains a critical analysis of people's faith in experts. It presents many biases that influence and distort people's perception of the reputation of others. It also examines the heuristics that influence people's perceptions and lead them to classify accurately or inaccurately a person or object within a social network. Reputation can never be taken for granted and always creates uncertainty and anxiety. This is because social position is always precarious and can never be objectively determined. The chapter also distinguishes the “good” from the “bad” uses of reputation in order to develop a proper epistemology of reputation. The objective is to identify a set of normative and descriptive instruments that can be used to classify the heuristics and establish some sort of criteria, along the lines of the classical epistemological tradition in order to distinguish between the rules of inference that place too much or too little trust in the reputations of others.

Keywords:   reputation, heuristics, social network, uncertainty, anxiety, social position, epistemology, experts

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