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The Killing SeasonA History of the Indonesian Massacres, 1965-66$
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Geoffrey B. Robinson

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691196497

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691196497.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.3) Chapter One Introduction
Source:
The Killing Season
Author(s):

Geoffrey B. Robinson

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691196497.003.0001

This introductory chapter provides some insights into the violence of 1965–66 against members of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) and builds on the rich body of existing work by Indonesian scholars. From here, the chapter suggests a new approach that addresses many of the issues surrounding genocide—and accounts for the variations and particularities of the Indonesian case—while also making possible its comparison to other instances of mass killing and detention. That approach entails three broad claims. The first is that the violence of 1965 cannot be properly understood without recognizing the pivotal role of the army leadership in provoking, facilitating, and organizing it. The second principal claim is that the actions of powerful foreign states—especially the United States and the United Kingdom—together with aspects of the international context were instrumental in facilitating and encouraging the army's campaign of mass violence in 1965–66. Lastly, the chapter highlights the role of historical conditions and antecedents in understanding the dynamics of the mass violence of 1965–66.

Keywords:   Indonesia, genocide, mass killing, detention, foreign states, international context, mass violence, army leadership, PKI, Indonesian Communist Party

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