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African DominionA New History of Empire in Early and Medieval West Africa$
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Michael A. Gomez

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691196824

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691196824.001.0001

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Surfeit and Stability: The Era of Askia Dāwūd

Surfeit and Stability: The Era of Askia Dāwūd

(p.334) Chapter Thirteen Surfeit and Stability: The Era of Askia Dāwūd
African Dominion

Michael A. Gomez

Princeton University Press

This chapter details the thirty-four-year reign of Askia Dāwūd, which punctuates the bloodletting of the nadir, with Dāwūd turning from his remaining brothers to his own children to fill key positions of authority. This essentially meant the descendants of Askia Muḥammad, the Mamar hamey, were now favored over the scions of Kanfāri ʻUmar, the third royal branch. In the process, Dāwūd reclaimed some of the power previously ceded to Songhay's stakeholders. Askia Dāwūd's reign also saw the dramatic expansion of domestic slavery. Though significant throughout the dynasties of the Sunnis and the Askias, the numbers under Dāwūd became so pronounced, their exploitation so extensive, that the period constitutes a stage of evolutionary development. Slavery as qualified reciprocity is the mechanism by which its relationship to servitude and caste will be explored, as well as its intimate connection to spirituality.

Keywords:   Askia Dāwūd, Mamar hamey, stakeholders, domestic slavery, slavery, servitude, caste, spirituality

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