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The Art of Chinese PhilosophyEight Classical Texts and How to Read Them$
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Paul Goldin

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691200798

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691200798.001.0001

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Nondeductive Argumentation and the Art of Chinese Philosophy

Nondeductive Argumentation and the Art of Chinese Philosophy

(p.13) Chapter One Nondeductive Argumentation and the Art of Chinese Philosophy
The Art of Chinese Philosophy

Paul R. Goldin

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses nondeductive argumentation in classical Chinese philosophy. There are three kinds: paradox, analogy, and appeal to example. Many of the paradoxes of the so-called disputers can be made to seem veridical, or at least veridical in spirit, if interpreted sympathetically. In addition, reasoning by analogy was a crucial mode of deliberation in traditional China. It was one of the hallmarks of Chinese jurisprudence and also figures prominently in early Chinese poetics. Finally, appeals to example are nearly ubiquitous in ancient Chinese philosophy (the most prominent text not to resort to them is Laozi), and this chapter divides the technique into a number of subtypes.

Keywords:   nondeductive argumentation, paradox, analogy, appeals to example, deliberation, disputers, Chinese poetics, classical Chinese philosophy

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