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The International Human Rights MovementA History$
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Aryeh Neier

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691200989

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691200989.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Putting Natural Law Principles into Practice

Putting Natural Law Principles into Practice

(p.27) 2 Putting Natural Law Principles into Practice
The International Human Rights Movement

Aryeh Neier

Princeton University Press

This chapter cites ancient roots for the principles of human rights and concept of justice, such as Hammurabi's Code, the Bible, Plato, and Aristotle. It mentions Roman thinkers such as Cicero and Seneca who helped to develop commitment to freedom of expression and Mencius and Asoka as non-Western sources for roots of thinking about rights. The chapter illustrates the struggles of dissenting movements in England in the middle decades of the seventeenth century, in which men actively engaged in efforts to uphold their rights. It discusses religious and political sects during the turbulent period in England, such as the Levellers, the Diggers, the Ranters, the Quakers, and the Muggletonians that were preoccupied by their right to be treated fairly and humanely when the state sought to suppress their beliefs. It also analyzes the concept of natural law that provided the main philosophical basis for the rights movements.

Keywords:   human rights, freedom of expression, Roman thinkers, Levellers, Diggers, Ranters, Quakers, Muggletonians, natural law, rights movements

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