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The International Human Rights MovementA History$
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Aryeh Neier

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691200989

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691200989.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

International Humanitarian Law

International Humanitarian Law

(p.117) 5 International Humanitarian Law
The International Human Rights Movement

Aryeh Neier

Princeton University Press

This chapter explores the notion that truly “civilized” people should set boundaries even in war, which was not solely confined to those who founded Western civilization. It mentions the Chinese military strategist Sun Tzu, whose writings about the relationship between warfare and politics anticipated much contemporary thought on civility. It also identifies some of the leading figures in the Christian Church in the West that called for restraint in combat. The chapter looks into the most significant development of codes imposing restraints on the conduct of hostilities that took place during the “age of chivalry,” which was the late medieval period that lasted from about the twelfth to the fifteenth century. It also reviews accounts of the development of contemporary international humanitarian law, starting with the battle of Solferino in 1859.

Keywords:   civilized people, Western civilization, Sun Tzu, age of chivalry, Christian Church, contemporary international humanitarian law, battle of Solferino

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