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The International Human Rights MovementA History$
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Aryeh Neier

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691200989

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691200989.001.0001

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Rights on the Other Side of the Cold War Divide

Rights on the Other Side of the Cold War Divide

(p.161) 7 Rights on the Other Side of the Cold War Divide
The International Human Rights Movement

Aryeh Neier

Princeton University Press

This chapter distinguishes Americans that took part in the struggles for rights during the period from the mid-1950s to the mid-1970s. It mentions the governments of the world that joined together in committing themselves to protect rights by adopting the United Nations Charter, the Genocide Convention, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the 1949 Geneva Conventions. It also points out how Americans did not sustain internationalism and commit to protect rights through international law, which had been represented by Eleanor Roosevelt. The chapter analyzes Section 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act, which prevents the United States from providing security assistance to any country that engages in a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights. It describes the period of the 1980s and the very beginning of the 1990s as the golden age in the history of human rights, in which several dictatorships collapsed.

Keywords:   UN Charter, Genocide Convention, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Geneva Conventions, international law, Foreign Assistance Act, dictatorships

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