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Free Trade under FireFifth Edition$
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Douglas A. Irwin

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691201009

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691201009.001.0001

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Trade Remedies and Relief from Foreign Competition

Trade Remedies and Relief from Foreign Competition

(p.174) 5 Trade Remedies and Relief from Foreign Competition
Free Trade under Fire

Douglas A. Irwin

Princeton University Press

This chapter describes the legal framework that allows firms to petition the government for the imposition of tariffs on competing imports. It introduces the antidumping law as the most commonly used measure to block unfair imports. It talks about the government's definition of “dumping” as a lower price charged in the United States than in a foreign exporter's home market. The chapter also examines the case for providing domestic industries with temporary relief from imports so that they can adjust to foreign competition, including the recently revived “national security” rationale for limiting imports. It looks at countervailing duties, which address foreign subsidies and escape clause, and provide industries with temporary relief from imports without the claim of unfairness.

Keywords:   tariffs, antidumping law, unfair imports, foreign competition, national security, countervailing duties, foreign subsidies

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