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Free Trade under FireFifth Edition$
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Douglas A. Irwin

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691201009

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691201009.001.0001

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(p.315) Conclusion
Free Trade under Fire

Douglas A. Irwin

Princeton University Press

This chapter concludes that international trade and trade policies are frequently the object of condemnation rather than approbation. It explains how the condemnation are often the result of misconceptions about the benefits of international trade, the impact of trade policies, and the role and function of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Though the last few decades have been marked by a general reduction in trade barriers, the matter is not settled because the pressures to weaken the commitment to open markets never abate. The chapter emphasizes on difficult policy choices at the intersection of trade policy and climate change that could hold key battles over the world trading system in coming years. It also highlights the several benefits of world trade and the contribution of trade to the welfare and prosperity of billions of people around the world.

Keywords:   international trade, trade policies, World Trade Organization, WTO, trade barriers, open markets, climate change, world trading system

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