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Arnold Diffusion for Smooth Systems of Two and a Half Degrees of Freedom(AMS-208)$
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Vadim Kaloshin and Ke Zhang

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691202525

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691202525.001.0001

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Derivation of the slow mechanical system

Derivation of the slow mechanical system

(p.162) Chapter Fourteen Derivation of the slow mechanical system
Arnold Diffusion for Smooth Systems of Two and a Half Degrees of Freedom

Kaloshin Vadim

Zhang Ke

Princeton University Press

This chapter proves various normal form results and formulates the coordinate changes that are used to derive the slow system at the double resonance. The discussions here apply to arbitrary degrees of freedom. The results also apply to the proof of the main theorem by restricting to the case n = 2. First, the chapter reduces the system near an n-resonance to a normal form. After that, it performs a coordinate change on the extended phase space, and an energy reduction to reveal the slow system. The chapter then describes a resonant normal form, before explaining the affine coordinate change and the rescaling, revealing the slow system. Finally, it discusses variational properties of these coordinate changes.

Keywords:   normal form, coordinate changes, slow system, double resonance, n-resonance, energy reduction, variational properties

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