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After RepressionHow Polarization Derails Democratic Transition$
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Elizabeth R. Nugent

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691203058

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691203058.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

The Historical Origins of Authoritarian Repression

The Historical Origins of Authoritarian Repression

Chapter:
(p.59) 3 The Historical Origins of Authoritarian Repression
Source:
After Repression
Author(s):

Elizabeth R. Nugent

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691203058.003.0003

This chapter discusses how authoritarian regimes come to repress their opposition in different ways. It offers evidence for how differences in colonial coercive institutions in the Middle East conditioned coercive institutions in their independent counterparts in the post-colonial period, and thus how this specific type of colonial legacy influences the nature of repression used by the regimes that follow. The chapter then theorizes the colonial origins of coercive institutions, the path dependence of these institutions, and the constraining nature of inherited institutions for leader behavior and the prospects of institutional reform. It considers how the interaction between the centrality of coercion and variation in the nature of colonial projects provides significant explanatory power for the coercive institutions inherited by Middle East political leaders in the mid-twentieth century upon independence, and then lays out a typology of coercive institutions and the nature of state repression. Finally, the chapter traces the historical development of coercive institutions in Egypt and Tunisia to demonstrate institutional continuity and path dependence through independence.

Keywords:   authoritarian regimes, coercive institutions, Middle East, state repression, path dependence, independence, institutional continuity, inherited institutions, Egypt, Tunisia

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