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Unconditional Equals - Princeton Scholarship Online
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Unconditional Equals

Anne Phillips


For centuries, ringing declarations about all men being created equal appealed to a shared human nature as the reason to consider ourselves equals. But appeals to natural equality invited gradations of natural difference, and the ambiguity at the heart of “nature” enabled generations to write of people as equal by nature while barely noticing the exclusion of those marked as inferior by their gender, race, or class. Despite what we commonly tell ourselves, these exclusions and gradations continue today. This book challenges attempts to justify equality by reference to a shared human nature, ar ... More

Keywords: human equality, natural difference, human nature, unconditional equality, natural equality

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780691210353
Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2022 DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691210353.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Anne Phillips, author
London School of Economics

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