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A Decade of UpheavalThe Cultural Revolution in Rural China$
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Andrew G. Walder and Dong Guoqiang

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780691213217

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691213217.001.0001

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(p.137) 7 Backlash
A Decade of Upheaval

Dong Guoqiang

Andrew G. Walder

Princeton University Press

This chapter studies Zhang Liansheng's petition, which laid out Paolian's complaints about its persecution at the hands of the People's Armed Department (PAD). Zhang coordinated with the other petitioners from Feng County, several of whom were from rural communes, to collect information about the crackdowns and the violations of central policy in the recent campaigns. As these events were taking place, shifts in Jiangsu's political situation created more favorable circumstances for the petitioners' cause, while threatening to weaken Shao Wen's position back in the county. The shift in Jiangsu's political tides, which favored the petitioners' cause and ultimately the Paolian faction, had the seemingly paradoxical effect of sharpening local conflicts and reviving the factional animosities between Liansi and Paolian. From early June through October of 1974, the conflicts became sharper, and the two sides organized.

Keywords:   Zhang Liansheng, Paolian, People's Armed Department, Feng County, Jiangsu, Shao Wen, factional conflicts, Liansi

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